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© Salvador Dalí, Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí, Figueres, 2007

© Salvador Dalí, Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí, Figueres, 2007

Cat. no. 434

Suburbs of the "paranoiac-critical town"Suburbs of the "paranoiac-critical" afternoon (on the outskirts of European history)
Suburbs of a Paranoiac-Critical Town: Afternoon on the Outskirts of European History

  • 1935
  • Oil on wood panel
  • 46 x 66 cm
  • Private collection
  • Signed and dated lower right corner: Gala Salvador Dali / 1935

Edward James

Auctioned at Christie, Manson & Woods, London, March 30th, 1981

This work received different titles during 1936. The original title corresponds to the one given when it was first exhibited. The second title is given by Dalí when the painting was shown at the exhibition held at the Julien Levy Gallery in Nova York, from December 10th, 1936 to January 9th, 1937. Besides these various different titles, this painting also appears under the following names: "Panel" in Julien Levy's book "Surrealism", The Black Sun Press, New York, 1936, and as "Unfinished" in "Minotaure", number 8, 15th of June 1936.

1936, London, Alex, Reid & Lefevre, Ltd., Salvador Dali, 01-06-1936 - 31-07-1936, cat. no. 26

1936, New York, Julien Levy Gallery, Souvenir - Catalogue, 10-12-1936 - 09-01-1937, cat. no. 12

1965, New York, Gallery of Modern Art, Salvador Dalí, 1910-1965, 18-12-1965 - 28-02-1966, cat. no. 80

1970, Rotterdam, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Dalí, 21-11-1970 - 10-01-1971, cat. no. 49

1971, London, Whitechapel Art Gallery, Dali Art-in-Jewels Exhibition & Paintings, 08-06-1971 - 10-07-1971, cat. no. 6

1972, Rotterdam, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Salvador Dali : bruikleen uit collectie Edward F. W. James, July - September 1972, cat. no. 8

1979, Paris, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Salvador Dalí: rétrospective, 1920-1980, 18-12-1979 - 21-04-1980, cat. no. 226

1999, New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Surrealism: two private eyes, the Nesuhi Ertegun and Daniel Filipacchi collections, 04-06-1999 - 12-09-1999, cat. no. 54

2004, Venezia, Palazzo Grassi, Dalí, 12-09-2004 - 16-01-2005, cat. no. 151

Levy, Julien, Surrealism, The Black Sun Press, New York, 1936, p. 168

Surrealism, Faber & Faber, London, 1936, il. 24 (detail)

Tériade, E., La peinture surréaliste, Minotaure, Paris, 1936, p. 11

Dalí, Salvador, Vida secreta de Salvador Dalí, Poseidón, Buenos Aires, 1944, il. 13 (detail)

Tristan, Salvador Dali visto desde Cadaques, Destino, Barcelona, 1946, p. 4 (detail)

Coll, Julio, La vida secreta de Salvador Dalí, Liceo, Barcelona, 1947, n. p. (detail)

Read, Herbert, Art now : an introduction to the theory of modern painting and sculpture, Faber and Faber, London, 1960, il. 109 (detail)

Gérard, Max, Dalí de Draeger, Blume, Barcelona, 1968, il. 27 (detail)

Dalí, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, 1970, il. 49

Dalí: Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Objekte, Schmuck, Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden, 1971, p. 122

Gaiarsa, José Angelo, Respiraçao e imaginaçao, Jose Angelo Gaiarsa, Sao Paulo, 1971, p. 30, p. 89 (detail), p. 93 (detail)

Salvador Dali : bruikleen uit collectie Edward F. W. James, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, 1972, p. 12

Ogura, Tadao | Descharnes, Robert, L'Art moderne du monde, Shueisha, Tokyo, 1974, p. 106

Gaunt, William, Los Surrealistas, Labor, Barcelona [etc.], 1974, p. 163

Rey, Henry-François, Dalí en su laberinto, Euros, Barcelona, 1975, cover (detail)

Romero, Luis, Todo Dalí en un rostro, Blume, Barcelona | Madrid, 1975, p. 256

Dalí, Salvador, Les Vins de Gala, Draeger, Paris, 1977, p. 190-191 (detail)

100 anys de Catalunya (1877-1977), Banco Comercial de Cataluña, Barcelona, 1977, p. 91

Ades, Dawn, Dada and surrealism reviewed, Arts Council of Great Britain, London, 1978, p. 300

Haslam, Malcolm, The Real world of the surrealists, Gallery Press, New York, 1978, p. 152-153

Salvador Dalí: rétrospective, 1920-1980, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d'Art moderne, Paris, 1979, p. 293

Dalí, Salvador, Oui 2. L'archangélisme scientifique, Denoël/Gonthier, Paris, 1979, p. [42] (detail)

Dalí, Salvador, Sì. La rivoluzione paranoico-critica. L'arcangelismo scientifico, Rizzoli, Milano, 1980, p. 42

s. a., Dossier Dalí, Guadalimar, Madrid, 1980, n. p. (detail)

Twenty-eight works from the Edward James collection, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 1981, p. 50

Pla, Josep | Dalí, Salvador (il.), Obres de museu, DASA, Figueres, 1981, p. 70

Ades, Dawn, Dalí, Thames and Hudson, London, 1982, il. 32, p. 130

Maddox, Conroy, Dalí, Newness Books, Feltham [Middlesex], 1983, p. 51

El Surrealismo, Cátedra, Madrid, 1983, p. [138]

Maddox, Conroy, Dalí, Benedick Taschen, Köln, 1983, p. 51 (detail)

Okada, Takahiko, Dalí, Shueisha, [S.l.], 1986, p. 13

Pierre, José, L'Aventure surréaliste autour d'André Breton, Filipacchi | Artcurial, Paris | Paris, 1986, p. 80

Vallès i Rovira, Josep, Dalí delit Empordà, Carles Vallès, Figueres, 1987, p. 115

Moorhouse, Paul, Dalí, Magna Books, Wigston [Anglaterra], 1990, p. 80-81

Fer, Briony | Batchelor, David | Wood, Paul, Realism, rationalism, surrealism : art between the wars, Yale University Press | Open University, [S.l.], 1993, p. 221

Morse, A. Reynolds, Dali's animal crackers, Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida, 1993, p. 151 (2 details)

Harris, Nathaniel, The Life and works of Dalí, Parragon, [Regne Unit], 1994, p. 40-41

Hodge, Jessica, Salvador Dali, Barnes & Noble, New York, 1994, p. 80, p. 81

Di Capua, Marco, Dalí, Librairie Gründ, Paris, 1994, p. 190-191

Descharnes, Robert | Néret, Gilles, Salvador Dalí, 1904 -1989, Benedikt Taschen, Köln, 1994, p. 267

Masters, Christopher, Dalí, Phaidon, London, 1996, p. 85

Radford, Robert, Dalí, Phaidon, London, 1997, p. 184

Gibson, Ian, The Shameful life of Salvador Dalí, Faber and Faber, London, 1997, il. XXVII

A surreal life: Edward James, 1907-1984, Royal Pavillion, Librairies & Museums, Brighton & Hove | Philip Wilson, London, 1998, p. 49

Sánchez Vidal, Agustín, Salvador Dalí, Electa, Madrid, 1999, p. 40

Surrealism: two private eyes, the Nesuhi Ertegun and Daniel Filipacchi collections, Guggenheim Museum Publications, New York, 1999, p. 108- 109

Ramírez, Juan Antonio, Dalí: lo crudo y lo podrido, A. Machado Libros, Madrid, 2002, p. 72

Les Essentiels de l'art Dalí, Ludion, Amsterdam, 2003, p. 178

Mas Peinado, Ricard, Universdalí, Lunwerg, Barcelona, Madrid, 2003, p. 80 (detail), p. 90-91

The Portable Dalí, Universe, New York, 2003, p. 178

Gaillemin, Jean-Louis, Dalí the impresario of surrealism, Thames & Hudson, London, 2004, p. 84-85

Raquejo, Tonia, Dalí: metamorfosis, Edilupa, [Madrid], 2004, p. 94

Persistence and memory : new critical perspectives on Dalí centennial, Bompiani, [S.l.], 2004, p. 63 (detail)

Dalí, Bompiani, [S.l.], 2004, p. 249

Schmitt, Patrice, Étude psychanalytique de la création chez Salvador Dalí, Lacour-Ollé, Nimes, 2004, il. 4.1 (detail)

Bou, Enric, Daliccionario : objetos, mitos y símbolos de Salvador Dalí, Tusquets, Barcelona, 2004, p. 21

Gaillemin, Jean-Louis, Dalí : master of fantasies, Harry N. Abrams, New York, 2004, p. 84-85

El País de Dalí, Consorci del Museu de l'Empordà, Figueres, 2004, p. 236

Salvador Dalí, Josep Pla. Coincidències, Fundació Josep Pla, Palafrugell, 2004, p. 35 (indirect image) (detail)

Gaillemin, Jean-Louis, Dali : le grand paranoïaque, Découvertes Gallimard Arts, París, 2004, p. 84-85

Dalí evolució, Ajuntament de Cadaqués | Museu de Cadaqués, Cadaqués, 2006, p. 48

Greeley, Robin Adèle, Surrealism and the Spanish civil war, Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 2006, p. 59

Sánchez Vidal, Agustín, Salvador Dalí, Fundación Mapfre. Instituto de Cultura, Madrid, 2007, p. 71

Dalís medienspiele: falsche fährten und paranoische selbstinszenierungen in den künsten, Transcript, Bielefeld, 2007, p. 365 (detail)

Lázaro Docio, Jesús, El Secreto creador de Salvador Dalí : el método paranoico-crítico, 1927-1937, Eutelequia, Madrid, 2010, il. 23

Atles paisatgístic de les terres de Girona, Diputació de Girona, Girona, 2010, p. 946

Rothman, Roger, Tiny surrealism : Salvador Dalí and the aesthetics of the small, University of Nebraska, Lincoln & London, 2012, p. 203

Takigushi, Shûzô, Dalí : Tokio, 1939, Notari, Geneve, 2012, il. 31 (indirect image)

Dalí: Il sogno del Classico, Skira, Milano, 2016, p. 20

Provenance

Edward James

Auctioned at Christie, Manson & Woods, London, March 30th, 1981

Remarks

This work received different titles during 1936. The original title corresponds to the one given when it was first exhibited. The second title is given by Dalí when the painting was shown at the exhibition held at the Julien Levy Gallery in Nova York, from December 10th, 1936 to January 9th, 1937. Besides these various different titles, this painting also appears under the following names: "Panel" in Julien Levy's book "Surrealism", The Black Sun Press, New York, 1936, and as "Unfinished" in "Minotaure", number 8, 15th of June 1936.

Exhibitions

1936, London, Alex, Reid & Lefevre, Ltd., Salvador Dali, 01-06-1936 - 31-07-1936, cat. no. 26

1936, New York, Julien Levy Gallery, Souvenir - Catalogue, 10-12-1936 - 09-01-1937, cat. no. 12

1965, New York, Gallery of Modern Art, Salvador Dalí, 1910-1965, 18-12-1965 - 28-02-1966, cat. no. 80

1970, Rotterdam, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Dalí, 21-11-1970 - 10-01-1971, cat. no. 49

1971, London, Whitechapel Art Gallery, Dali Art-in-Jewels Exhibition & Paintings, 08-06-1971 - 10-07-1971, cat. no. 6

1972, Rotterdam, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Salvador Dali : bruikleen uit collectie Edward F. W. James, July - September 1972, cat. no. 8

1979, Paris, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Salvador Dalí: rétrospective, 1920-1980, 18-12-1979 - 21-04-1980, cat. no. 226

1999, New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Surrealism: two private eyes, the Nesuhi Ertegun and Daniel Filipacchi collections, 04-06-1999 - 12-09-1999, cat. no. 54

2004, Venezia, Palazzo Grassi, Dalí, 12-09-2004 - 16-01-2005, cat. no. 151

Bibliography

Levy, Julien, Surrealism, The Black Sun Press, New York, 1936, p. 168

Surrealism, Faber & Faber, London, 1936, il. 24 (detail)

Tériade, E., La peinture surréaliste, Minotaure, Paris, 1936, p. 11

Dalí, Salvador, Vida secreta de Salvador Dalí, Poseidón, Buenos Aires, 1944, il. 13 (detail)

Tristan, Salvador Dali visto desde Cadaques, Destino, Barcelona, 1946, p. 4 (detail)

Coll, Julio, La vida secreta de Salvador Dalí, Liceo, Barcelona, 1947, n. p. (detail)

Read, Herbert, Art now : an introduction to the theory of modern painting and sculpture, Faber and Faber, London, 1960, il. 109 (detail)

Gérard, Max, Dalí de Draeger, Blume, Barcelona, 1968, il. 27 (detail)

Dalí, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, 1970, il. 49

Dalí: Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Objekte, Schmuck, Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden, 1971, p. 122

Gaiarsa, José Angelo, Respiraçao e imaginaçao, Jose Angelo Gaiarsa, Sao Paulo, 1971, p. 30, p. 89 (detail), p. 93 (detail)

Salvador Dali : bruikleen uit collectie Edward F. W. James, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, 1972, p. 12

Ogura, Tadao | Descharnes, Robert, L'Art moderne du monde, Shueisha, Tokyo, 1974, p. 106

Gaunt, William, Los Surrealistas, Labor, Barcelona [etc.], 1974, p. 163

Rey, Henry-François, Dalí en su laberinto, Euros, Barcelona, 1975, cover (detail)

Romero, Luis, Todo Dalí en un rostro, Blume, Barcelona | Madrid, 1975, p. 256

Dalí, Salvador, Les Vins de Gala, Draeger, Paris, 1977, p. 190-191 (detail)

100 anys de Catalunya (1877-1977), Banco Comercial de Cataluña, Barcelona, 1977, p. 91

Ades, Dawn, Dada and surrealism reviewed, Arts Council of Great Britain, London, 1978, p. 300

Haslam, Malcolm, The Real world of the surrealists, Gallery Press, New York, 1978, p. 152-153

Salvador Dalí: rétrospective, 1920-1980, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d'Art moderne, Paris, 1979, p. 293

Dalí, Salvador, Oui 2. L'archangélisme scientifique, Denoël/Gonthier, Paris, 1979, p. [42] (detail)

Dalí, Salvador, Sì. La rivoluzione paranoico-critica. L'arcangelismo scientifico, Rizzoli, Milano, 1980, p. 42

s. a., Dossier Dalí, Guadalimar, Madrid, 1980, n. p. (detail)

Twenty-eight works from the Edward James collection, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 1981, p. 50

Pla, Josep | Dalí, Salvador (il.), Obres de museu, DASA, Figueres, 1981, p. 70

Ades, Dawn, Dalí, Thames and Hudson, London, 1982, il. 32, p. 130

Maddox, Conroy, Dalí, Newness Books, Feltham [Middlesex], 1983, p. 51

El Surrealismo, Cátedra, Madrid, 1983, p. [138]

Maddox, Conroy, Dalí, Benedick Taschen, Köln, 1983, p. 51 (detail)

Okada, Takahiko, Dalí, Shueisha, [S.l.], 1986, p. 13

Pierre, José, L'Aventure surréaliste autour d'André Breton, Filipacchi | Artcurial, Paris | Paris, 1986, p. 80

Vallès i Rovira, Josep, Dalí delit Empordà, Carles Vallès, Figueres, 1987, p. 115

Moorhouse, Paul, Dalí, Magna Books, Wigston [Anglaterra], 1990, p. 80-81

Fer, Briony | Batchelor, David | Wood, Paul, Realism, rationalism, surrealism : art between the wars, Yale University Press | Open University, [S.l.], 1993, p. 221

Morse, A. Reynolds, Dali's animal crackers, Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida, 1993, p. 151 (2 details)

Harris, Nathaniel, The Life and works of Dalí, Parragon, [Regne Unit], 1994, p. 40-41

Hodge, Jessica, Salvador Dali, Barnes & Noble, New York, 1994, p. 80, p. 81

Di Capua, Marco, Dalí, Librairie Gründ, Paris, 1994, p. 190-191

Descharnes, Robert | Néret, Gilles, Salvador Dalí, 1904 -1989, Benedikt Taschen, Köln, 1994, p. 267

Masters, Christopher, Dalí, Phaidon, London, 1996, p. 85

Radford, Robert, Dalí, Phaidon, London, 1997, p. 184

Gibson, Ian, The Shameful life of Salvador Dalí, Faber and Faber, London, 1997, il. XXVII

A surreal life: Edward James, 1907-1984, Royal Pavillion, Librairies & Museums, Brighton & Hove | Philip Wilson, London, 1998, p. 49

Sánchez Vidal, Agustín, Salvador Dalí, Electa, Madrid, 1999, p. 40

Surrealism: two private eyes, the Nesuhi Ertegun and Daniel Filipacchi collections, Guggenheim Museum Publications, New York, 1999, p. 108- 109

Ramírez, Juan Antonio, Dalí: lo crudo y lo podrido, A. Machado Libros, Madrid, 2002, p. 72

Les Essentiels de l'art Dalí, Ludion, Amsterdam, 2003, p. 178

Mas Peinado, Ricard, Universdalí, Lunwerg, Barcelona, Madrid, 2003, p. 80 (detail), p. 90-91

The Portable Dalí, Universe, New York, 2003, p. 178

Gaillemin, Jean-Louis, Dalí the impresario of surrealism, Thames & Hudson, London, 2004, p. 84-85

Raquejo, Tonia, Dalí: metamorfosis, Edilupa, [Madrid], 2004, p. 94

Persistence and memory : new critical perspectives on Dalí centennial, Bompiani, [S.l.], 2004, p. 63 (detail)

Dalí, Bompiani, [S.l.], 2004, p. 249

Schmitt, Patrice, Étude psychanalytique de la création chez Salvador Dalí, Lacour-Ollé, Nimes, 2004, il. 4.1 (detail)

Bou, Enric, Daliccionario : objetos, mitos y símbolos de Salvador Dalí, Tusquets, Barcelona, 2004, p. 21

Gaillemin, Jean-Louis, Dalí : master of fantasies, Harry N. Abrams, New York, 2004, p. 84-85

El País de Dalí, Consorci del Museu de l'Empordà, Figueres, 2004, p. 236

Salvador Dalí, Josep Pla. Coincidències, Fundació Josep Pla, Palafrugell, 2004, p. 35 (indirect image) (detail)

Gaillemin, Jean-Louis, Dali : le grand paranoïaque, Découvertes Gallimard Arts, París, 2004, p. 84-85

Dalí evolució, Ajuntament de Cadaqués | Museu de Cadaqués, Cadaqués, 2006, p. 48

Greeley, Robin Adèle, Surrealism and the Spanish civil war, Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 2006, p. 59

Sánchez Vidal, Agustín, Salvador Dalí, Fundación Mapfre. Instituto de Cultura, Madrid, 2007, p. 71

Dalís medienspiele: falsche fährten und paranoische selbstinszenierungen in den künsten, Transcript, Bielefeld, 2007, p. 365 (detail)

Lázaro Docio, Jesús, El Secreto creador de Salvador Dalí : el método paranoico-crítico, 1927-1937, Eutelequia, Madrid, 2010, il. 23

Atles paisatgístic de les terres de Girona, Diputació de Girona, Girona, 2010, p. 946

Rothman, Roger, Tiny surrealism : Salvador Dalí and the aesthetics of the small, University of Nebraska, Lincoln & London, 2012, p. 203

Takigushi, Shûzô, Dalí : Tokio, 1939, Notari, Geneve, 2012, il. 31 (indirect image)

Dalí: Il sogno del Classico, Skira, Milano, 2016, p. 20