Manual

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To access the entry on a particular work, go to the search engine or browse through the relevant chronological section or sections. The search engine also allows access to the Index of collections of private or public institutions that hold artworks by Salvador Dalí.

All the information in the various sections has been entered in accordance with the following criteria:

Image

Wherever possible, we provide a colour reproduction of the painting. In some cases, we show more than one image to supplement the given information.

In the case of the stereoscopic paintings, we have established the order of presentation (left-right) on the basis of the bibliography, the existence of preparatory material, the artist's own indications and of observation with a stereoscope.

Title

It is not unusual for a work to be known by more than one name. This catalogue raisonné gives precedence to the title given to the work on its first exhibition, and this appears in italics (and, in brackets, in English translation, if necessary). Any other titles subsequently given to the work then appear in bold.

Where the title given to the work on its first exhibition is not known, precedence is given to the most commonly accepted title, and this appears in bold.

In the works corresponding mainly to the period 1976 to 1983 we have verified that, although some of them were exhibited during the artist's lifetime, the titles given are often descriptive and in some cases mention the source of inspiration. We have therefore adopted the general formula 'Untitled. After...', followed by the names of the work and the artist which Dalí took as his starting point.

In the case of titles in which there seem to be errors of typography or spelling, these have been corrected. The original title in its first known published form is given in the Observations section.

The titles of many of the works studied contain place names. We have chosen to normalize these in accordance with the Official Register of Catalan Place Names. For example, we use Portlligat, although the form Port Lligat was widely used in Dalí's time.

Date

Dalí did not always date his works. For works that are not dated, we propose a year, and where there is insufficient reliable information to establish the date with complete certainty the year is preceded by the abbreviation c. (circa).

Technique

This catalogue raisonné is mostly devoted to oil paintings, but it also includes works in tempera and in other media such as collage.

Support

During his early period, until 1930, Dalí painted on various kinds of support, including cardboard and wood, but especially on fabrics of all types, of note among which are hessian or sacking, a very coarse thick support, to where he applied the pigment directly. Throughout the 1930s, in particular, he used small wooden boards and factory-prepared canvases. During the 1940s and 1950s, he used above all medium-sized canvases, also factory-prepared. From time to time he used rigid panels in the execution of scale models for projects for the stage or for film sets. In the nineteen sixties and seventies he often used small supports incorporating optical effects such as Rowlux film, as well as very large canvases and plywood panels for works such as those he created for the ceilings and walls of the Theatre-Museum and Púbol Castle. Dalí never abandoned the use of canvas, and this was the support he chose, from 1980 to 1983, for his last series of paintings.

Dimensions

The dimensions of the works are given in centimetres, with the height followed by the width. Where it was not possible to take the measurements directly from the work, we have used the information provided by the owner.

Signature and inscriptions

This section describes any signature or inscription on the work and gives its position. If the work is unsigned or was signed at a later date, this fact is noted.

Location

This section identifies the current owner of the work. If a private collector wishes to remain anonymous, this is indicated by the expression 'Private collection'.

Provenance

The names of the different owners of the work are listed here in chronological order. This information, which is of great relevance for the attribution of a painting, can be difficult to obtain. For this reason, we encourage owners to contact us if they have any information of interest about the works.

Observations

This section contains supplementary information that may clarify various aspects of the work, its title, date, provenance, the length of time an exhibition was open, etc. We also indicate here if the work is on the face (front) or back (reverse) of the support.

Exhibitions

This is a chronological list of the most important exhibitions in which the work has been shown. Where the number assigned to the reproduction in the catalogue of the exhibition is known, it is given here.

Bibliography

This details the most important books in which a reproduction of the work appears, with the page number.

Copyright

Every effort has been made to contact persons and institutions owning copyright in the works of art illustrated in this publication. In cases where this has not been possible, owners are invited to notify the Copyright Department at the Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí: gerencia@fundaciodali.org