El reflejo craneano (The Cranial Reflection)

The Average Bureaucrat

© Salvador Dalí, Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí, Figueres, 2004 USA: © Salvador Dalí Museum Inc., St. Petersburg, FL, 2007

Cat. no. P 250

El reflejo craneano (The Cranial Reflection)

The Average Bureaucrat

Description

Date:
1930
Technique:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
81 x 64.8 cm
Signature:
Signed and dated lower right corner: Salvador Dali 1930
Signed and dated center-left: Gala Salvador Dalí 1933 / -abril-
Location:
The Dali Museum, St. Petersburg (Florida)

Provenance

  1. Paul Éluard, Paris
  2. Helena Rubinstein, New York
  3. E. and A. Reynolds Morse, Cleveland (Ohio)

Observations

We have entitled this work "El reflejo craneano", in the belief that this is the picture Dalí presented as number 6 in the exhibition organized by La Gaceta de Arte at the Ateneo de Santa Cruz de Tenerife from 11 to 21 May 1935. This supposition is confirmed by the article by Domingo López Torres published in La Tarde on 17 May 1935, which give an accurate description of the work.

Exhibitions

  1. 1935, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Ateneo de Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Exposición surrealista, 11/05/1935 - 21/05/1935, cat. no. 6
  2. 1938, Amsterdam, Galerie Robert, Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme, Spring 1938, cat. no. 26
  3. 1997, Valencia, IVAM Centre Julio González Generalitat Valenciana., El Objeto surrealista, 16/10/1997 - 04/01/1998, p. 193
  4. 1998, Liverpool, Tate Gallery Liverpool, Salvador Dalí: a mythology, 21/10/1998 - 31/01/1999, cat. no. 6
  5. 2000, St. Petersburg, Florida, Salvador Dalí Museum, James Rosenquist: paintings, 29/04/2000 - 10/09/2000, cat. no. 24
  6. 2002, París, Centre Pompidou, La Révolution surréaliste, 06/03/2002 - 24/06/2002, no reference
  7. 2002, Düsseldorf, Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Surrealismus 1914 - 1944 : Dalí, Max Ernst, Magritte, Miró, Picasso..., 20/07/2002 - 24/11/2002, no reference
  8. 2006, Tokio, Ueno Royal Museum, Salvador Dali centennial retrospective, 23/09/2006 - 04/01/2007, cat. no. 14

Bibliography

  1. Boletín internacional del surrealismo, Grupo surrealista de París y "Gaceta de Arte" de Tenerife (Islas Canarias), Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 1935, p. 8 (indirect image)
  2. Elaine Brown Keiffer, "Madame Rubinstein", Life, 21/07/1941, Chicago, IL, p. [36] (indirect image)
  3. Dali par Dali, Draeger, [Paris], 1970, p. 25 (detail)
  4. A. Reynolds Morse, A Dalí primer, The Reynolds Morse Foundation, Cleveland [Ohio], 1970, p. 18
  5. Ninety-three oils by Salvador Dalí : 1917-1970, The Salvador Dali Museum, Cleveland, 1973, p. 127, p. 152
  6. Salvador Dalí ... a panorama of his art, The Salvador Dali Museum, Cleveland, 1974, p. 54, p. 127, p. 152
  7. Jacques Dopagne, Dalí, Fernand Hazan, Paris, 1974, il. 17 (detail)
  8. Salvador Dalí, René Passeron, Salvador Dalí, Filipacchi, Paris, 1978, p. 28
  9. Salvador Dalí: rétrospective, 1920-1980, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d'Art moderne, Paris, 1979, p. 165
  10. Salvador Dalí, selected works, Filipacchi, New York, 1979, p. 28
  11. Jacques Baron, Anthologie plastique du surrealisme, Filipacchi, Paris, 1980, p. 13 (indirect image)
  12. Homage to Dalí, Chartwell Books, Secaucus, New Jersey, [1980], p. 128
  13. Sarane Alexandrian, Dalí, Fernand Hazan, Paris, 1985, il. 17 (detail)
  14. Surrealist drawings, The Salvador Dalí Foundation, St. Petersburg [Florida], 1988, n. p.
  15. Dalí: the Salvador Dalí museum collection, Bulfinch, Boston. Toronto. London, 1991, il. 38
  16. Carlos Rojas, Salvador Dalí, or the art of spitting on your mother's portrait, The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park [Pennsylvania], 1993, il . 8
  17. Robert Descharnes, Gilles Néret, Salvador Dalí, 1904 -1989, Benedikt Taschen, Köln, 1994, p. 156
  18. Kenneth Wach, Salvador Dalí : masterpieces from the collection of the Salvador Dalí Museum, Harry N. Abrams | Salvador Dalí Museum, New York | St. Petersburg, Florida, 1996, p. 61
  19. Haim Finkelstein, Salvador Dalí's art and writing, 1927-1942 : the metamorphoses of Narcissus, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996, p. 146
  20. Emmanuel Guigon, Óscar Domínguez, Gobierno de Canarias. Viceconsejeria de Cultura y Deportes, Islas Canarias, 1996, p. 133 (indirect image) (detail)
  21. Gaceta de arte y su época, 1932-1936, Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno | Gobierno de Canarias. Viceconsejería de Cultura y Deportes, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | [S.l.], 1997, p. 237 (indirect image)
  22. Robert Radford, Dalí, Phaidon, London, 1997, p. 150
  23. El Objeto surrealista, IVAM Centre Julio González | Generalitat Valenciana. Conselleria de Cultura, Educació i Ciència, [València], 1997, p. 193 (indirect image)
  24. Gérard Durozoi, Histoire du mouvement surréaliste, Hazan, Paris, 1997, p. 297
  25. Dawn Ades, Fiona Bradley, Salvador Dalí: a mythology, Tate Gallery Publishing, London, 1998, p. 30
  26. Fèlix Fanés, El Gran masturbador, Electa, Madrid, 2000, p. 52
  27. James Rosenquist: paintings, James Rosenquist: selects Dalí, Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida, 2000, p. 50
  28. Robert S. Lubar, The Salvador Dalí Museum collection, Bulfinch, Boston - New York - London, 2000, p. 63
  29. Dalí, Bompiani, [Milà], 2004, p. 116
  30. Dalí, un creador dissident, Destino, Barcelona, 2004, p. 199
  31. Fèlix Fanés, La Pintura y sus sombras : cuatro estudios sobre Salvador Dalí, Museo de Teruel, Teruel, 2004, p. 99
  32. Salvador Dali centennial retrospective, Ueno Royal Museum, Ueno, 2006, p. 59, p. 58 (detail)
  33. Dalí & film, Tate Publishing, London, 2007, p. 119
  34. Roland Penrose y el surrealismo : mirar de reojo, Fundación Pablo Ruiz Picasso, Málaga, 2008, p. 229 (indirect image), p. 230 (indirect image)
  35. Salvador Dalí : the late work, High Museum of Art | Yale University Press, Atlanta | New Haven and London, 2010, p. 130
  36. Surreal objects : three-dimensional works from Dalí to Man Ray, Hatje Cantz | Schirn Kunsthalle, Ostfildern | Frankfurt, 2011, p. 23
  37. Encuentros con los años '30, La Fábrica | MNCARS, Madrid | Madrid, 2012, p. 98 (indirect image), p. 99 (indirect image)
  38. Dalí i els seus tallers, Das Edicions, Figueres, 2013, p. 22-23 (indirect image)
  39. Dali : poetics of the small, 1929-1936, Meadows Museum, Dallas, 2018, p. 116

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